This book recounts results obtained via the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO) on comets, in the close environment of pre-main sequence stars, in the interstellar medium, and in the final stages of stellar life, using molecular hydrogen, ubiquitous crystalline silicates, water and ices. ISO has enabled investigation of the fuelling mechanism of galaxies, and new understanding of luminous infrared galaxies and their role in shaping present galaxies and in producing the cosmic infrared background.
OECD Public Governance Reviews examine governance and public management issues from a comprehensive perspective, helping countries to identify how reforms can better reinforce each other in support of overall government objectives. They also examine reform strategies that have worked in other countries and provide advice as to which reforms can be appropriately adapted to a given country. Since the restoration of independence in 1991, Estonia has met the challenge of establishing a fully functional, stable, and modern state. This review looks at how, building on its significant accomplishments to date, the Estonian public administration can work together as a single government to improve and sustain service delivery to citizens and to meet new challenges on the horizon.
Antidumping and countervailing duty measures can no longer languish on the books eternally. The new 'sunset' provision, agreed to during the Uruguay Round of multilateral trade negotiations, establishes a five-year time limit (from imposition or last review) on these measures. Maintaining such measures now requires a finding that expiration would likely lead to dumping or subsidization and injury. Many member states, such as the United States, have had to modify their domestic legislation to incorporate the new rules. The commencement of the first round of sunset reviews in the United States is set for July 1998.This timely, practical guide offers all the information on sunset reviews that practitioners in the field need to know. Separate chapters focus on the law and practice on expiration of measures before and after the Uruguay Round for the European Union (EU), Canada, Australia, and the United States--historically the major users of antidumping and countervailing measures.Further chapters include: a concise negotiating history of the provisions for context in understanding future post-Uruguay Round sunset decisions; reviews of applicable legislative provisions and summaries of factors considered in applying provisions in particular cases; procedural background and deadlines for sunset reviews; and a comparison of the procedural requirements and substantive considerations in the sunset review systems.
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